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Title: Cutaneous Eruption as a Prognosis Indicator for Cancer Patients Treated with EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Yensheng Wang

Wellman Center for Photomedicine, USA

Biography

Yensheng has completed his MD at Chang-gung Memorial Hospital, Taiwan in 2015 and completed his internship at Massachusetts General Hospital, Department of Dermatology in 2018.  He devoted to clinical studies that discover investigation techniques and treatments for allergic diseases and cancers. Yensheng is current a graduate student at Yale University School of Public Health and a collaborate research scientist at Wellman Center of Photomedicine.

Dr. Jennifer received her dermatology resident training in Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital, Taiwan and completed her fellowship in Memorial Kettering Sloan Hospital, New York. She has engaged in demonstrating awareness of adverse drug reaction to larger context and systems of healthcare. She also dedicated to delve in clinical oncodermatology and toxicity-driven investigations, aiming to permit the optimization of cancer treatments. Dr. Jennifer is currently the attending physician in Taipei Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital Dermatology, Taiwan.

Abstract

Importance  

Clinical symptom is often a direct method to evaluate the treatment effects. With the emergence of new EGFR-targeted drugs in market and its wide utilization, this study aimed to determine whether adverse skin event as a survival indicator for patients treated with EGFR-TKIs.

Method  

PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, trial register and Cochrane Library were searched on November 11, 2018 to identify studies reporting survivals outcomes (OS, PFS). Two investigators performed study selection independently and assessed risk of bias with ROBINS-I method. Data were pooled with random effects models and further subgroup by cancer types. Funnel plot, Egger’s test and Begg’s test were performed for detection of publication bias. Sensitivity analysis was performed by excluding potential outliers.

Results  

There were 24 studies identified with 4696 patients included. Skin adverse event was found to be significantly associated overall survival rate (HR, 0.48; 95% CI, 0.43-0.53; P < 0.00001; I2 = 83%) and progression free survival rate (HR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.41-0.85; P=0.004; I2 = 88%). Subgroup analysis suggested among NSCLC patients skin AE was significantly associated with overall survival (HR, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.25-0.60; P < .0001; I2 = 86%) but not progression free survival (HR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.29-1.45; P=0.29; I2 = 95%). Among other cancer types patients, skin AE was significantly associated with overall survival (HR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.41-0.84; P= 0.004; I2 = 70%) and progression free survival (HR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.41-0.91; P= 0.02; I2 = 80%). Begg’s test and Egger’s test suggested no evidence of publication bias. Sensitivity analysis also showed similar results.

Conclusions

On average, skin eruption groups had 52% lower risk of death and 41% lower risk of progression in cancer patients treated with EGFR-TKIs. This association should be further incorporated with cancer survivorship care planning.

Keywords—skin rash, EGFR, overall survival, progression free survival