A skin pigmentation issue is a medical ailment that impacts the skin's colour. Melanin is the pigment that gives skin its colour. Melanocytes, which are specialised skin cells, produce it. Skin colour can be impacted when melanocytes are destroyed or unable to produce enough melanin. Depending on the aetiology and course of the condition, a lack of pigment might affect a small portion of the body or the entire body. A variety of health conditions can induce skin pigmentation disorders. Skin colour is particularly personal, and it is influenced by a number of genes. Hypopigmentation and hyperpigmentation are two types of pigmentation disorders that can be inherited or acquired. They might be localised or widespread. Depigmentation is a side effect of pigmentation disorders. There are two types of areas: local and diffuse. Pigment is reduced in hypopigmentation, whereas pigment is completely removed in depigmentation, leaving white skin.
Types of Skin Pigment Disorders